Your first step should be to talk to your physician about your specific risks of colorectal cancer and where your efforts should be best expended to lower your risk. Colon cancer appears to be caused by a complex interaction of both genetic makeup and lifestyle. A person may have a genetic predisposition to colon cancer that is brought out by certain lifestyle habits. Colon cancer is more prevalent in the Western world because our diet and lifestyles include many of the risk factors for cancer (and other diseases).
But we can make choices that put us at a lower risk for disease. For colon and rectal cancers, obesity, smoking cigarettes, heavy alcohol consumption, low fiber intake, and high processed and red meat intake have all been identified as risk factors.
Read More: Lifestyle And Risk Of Colon Cancer